Journal of Korean Society of Geriatric Neurosurgery 2011;7(2):152-156.
Published online September 30, 2011.
The Prevalence of Mild Cognitive Impairment and Dementia of Community Elderly
Jin Sang Kil , Dae Won Kim , Sung Don Kang
Department of Neurosurgery, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Korea
지역사회 거주하는 노인에서 경도인지장애 및 치매의 유병률
길진상ㆍ김대원ㆍ강성돈
원광대학교 의과대학 신경외과학교실
Abstract
Objective
The purpose of this study is to evaluate prevalence of mild cognitive impairment and dementia of community elderly.
Methods
February 9th 2010, In Iksan citizen vascular day, 84 peoples participated our study. Cognitive function was evaluated with Korean Mini- Mental State Examination (K-MMSE). Lipid profile, homocysteine, folate, vitamin B12 was measured. History of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, alcohol, smoking was interviewed.
Results
The average age of patients was 70.7 years and there were slightly more males than females (ratio, 1.05:1). Their mean K-MMSE score was 24.4. Prevalence of dementia was 7.1% and prevalence of mild cognitive impairment was 21.4%. Homocysteine was significant correlation with K-MMSE.
Conclusions
This study suggested that prevalence of mild cognitive impairment and dementia in community elderly was similar than previous studies. Adequate medical and neurological assessment and treatment for aged is necessary.
Key Words: DementiaㆍMild cognitive impairmentㆍMMSEㆍHomocysteine
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